- Circularly polarized luminescence from intramolecular excimers
Francesco Zinna, Elodie Brun, Alexandre Homberg, Jérôme Lacour
Circularly Polarized Luminescence of Isolated Small Organic Molecules; Tadashi Mori (Ed.); Springer: Singapore, 2020; Chapter 12; p. 273-292
In this chapter, examples of circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) stemming from intramolecularly formed excimers will be reviewed. Emission from excimers has peculiar photophysical properties with respect to fluorescence of regular monomers. In addition, if the fluorophoric couple forming the excimer in the excited state is mounted on a chiral scaffold, a strong CPL can be usually observed. Examples of chiral scaffolds include oligopeptides, macrocycles, binaphthyl, and diaminocyclohexane derivatives. CPL from excimers has mainly been observed from pyrenes but other molecules are also able to give rise to such phenomenon, e.g., perylenes and 1,8-naphthalene monoimide. Excimer CPL can provide important information about the conformation of a molecule in the excited state and how it evolves depending on the environment (e.g., solvent and temperature) or external stimuli (e.g., light irradiation and cation addition). Moreover, thanks to the peculiar photophysical nature of excimers, the degree of circular polarization associated with excimer emission is usually much larger than the one associated with the absorption (electronic circular dichroism, ECD) for the same molecule. This allows to study chiroptical emission properties of molecules which are ECD-silent (ground state cryptochirality). As a whole, excimer CPL is an interesting and useful strategy to develop organic molecular systems endowed with bright and highly polarized luminescence.
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